Bonsai world...........

Classification of Bonsai

 

Bonsai can be classified into different groups by size. The size of bonsai is generally measured as the distance between the top of the soil and the apex of the bonsai tree. Below is the classification of bonsai of different sizes.

Keishi Bonsai (thumb size) – Up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) in height
Shito Bonsai (very small) – Up to 3 inch (7.5 cm) in height
Mame Bonsai (mini) – Up to 6 inch (15 cm) in height
Shohin Bonsai (small) – Up to 8 inch (20 cm) in height
Kifu Sho Bonsai (medium) – Up to 16 inch (40.5 cm) in height
Chu Bonsai (medium large) – Up to 24 (61 cm) inch in height
Dai Bonsai (large) – Up to 40 (101.5 cm) inch in height

These are some standard rules that become important and helpful in shows and competitions. Yet, often, these measures are not sharply outlined, and the exact height of the bonsai tree does not hold very strictly. For example, the majority of shohin bonsai at most bonsai shows are approximately 8 inches (20 cm) or less in height. Yet, an elegant, slim bonsai tree may easily override the limit in height but still be considered as a shohin. And this is same for mame bonsai.

Basically, the main “rule” is that we must be able to hold our shohin bonsai and mame bonsai in one hand, on our palm. They must express the beauty of a large aged tree in miniature.

 

Mame (Tiny Bonsai)

 

Keshi – tsubu up to 2.5 cm

 

Shito from 2.5cm to 7.5 cm tall.

 

 

 

 

  

Shohin ( small Bonsai )

 

Gafu from 13cm to 20 cm

 

Kimono up to 18 cm

 

Miyabi from 15 cm to 25 cm

 

 

 

 

In the simple way:

Large bonsai

Common name

Size class

Dimensions

Imperial bonsai

Eight-handed

60–80 in (152–203 cm)

Hachi-uye

Six-handed

40–60 in (102–152 cm)

Dai

Four-handed

30–48 in (76–122 cm)

Omono

Four-handed

30–48 in (76–122 cm)

Medium-sized bonsai

Common name

Size class

Dimensions

Chiu

Two-handed

16–36 in (41–91 cm)

Chumono

Two-handed

16–36 in (41–91 cm)

Katade-mochi

One-handed

10–18 in (25–46 cm)

Miniature bonsai

Common name

Size class

Dimensions

Komono

One-handed

6–10 in (15–25 cm)

Mame

One-handed

5–8 in (13–20 cm)

Shohin

Palm size

2–6 in (5–15 cm)

Shito

Fingertip size

2–4 in (5–10 cm)

Keshitsubo

Poppy-seed size

1–3 in (3–8 cm)

 

 

Kifu ( Medium Bonsai )

 Katade – mochi up to 40cm.

 

 Chu / chuhin (medium to large )

 

from 40 cm to 60 cm tall.

 

 

 

 

Dai/ Daiza ( large Bonsai)

 

Omono up to 120cm.

 

Bonju over 100 cm tall.